What a political solution in Syria looks like in MoU form.



Dealing with tense situations of foreign policy between nations with cultures far apart takes statesmanship if the appearances and successes of today’s talks in Sochi are to be judged.

“I would like to express my hope that the level of Russian-Turkish relations that has been reached over the recent period will play a role of its own in settling all complicated issues that have taken shape in the [Syrian] region today and will make it possible to find answers to all, even very difficult, questions in the interests of both Turkey and Russia, as well as in the interests of all countries in the region,” said Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin in a greeting to his counterpart from the Republic of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.


by Katie Alsop


Additional background reading: Pompeo talks of US war against Turkey, NATO

Memorandum of Understanding reached Between Turkey and the Russian Federation 22 October 2019

The Turkish (bottom) and Russian (top) dignitaries and expert officials conclude a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) reached Between Turkey and the Russian Federation, 22 October 2019
Photo Credit: kremlin.ru
Photo Art/Cropping/Enhancement: Rosa Yamamoto FPMag


Additional background reading: Turkey has 35 Years fighting terrorists. Biggest concern: 70k Daesh prisoners.


Memorandum of Understanding reached Between Turkey and the Russian Federation 22 October 2019

Kurdish Worker’s Party Fighter in Northern Syria, September 2017 – Memorandum of Understanding reached Between Turkey and the Russian Federation 22 October 2019
Photo Credit: Source Supplied
Photo Art/Cropping/Enhancement: Rosa Yamamoto FPMag


Additional background reading: Trump: America Armed PKK & YPG. Pushed Turkey from NATO & Jeopardized Turkish lives.


Memorandum of Understanding reached Between Turkey and the Russian Federation 22 October 2019

Vladimir Putin received the President of the Republic of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who arrived in Russia on a working visit, at the Bocharov Ruchei residence in Sochi. Memorandum of Understanding regarding Syria reached Between Turkey and the Russian Federation 22 October 2019
Photo Credit: kremlin.ru
Photo Art/Cropping/Enhancement: Rosa Yamamoto FPMag


Additional background reading: Turkey Operation PeaceSpring enters Syria as Doomsday Predictions go Starwars Mode


Memorandum of Understanding reached Between Turkey and the Russian Federation 22 October 2019

Russian-Turkish talks were held both in a limited format and with members of the two countries’ delegations. Following the international consultations, which lasted several hours, the presidents adopted a memorandum of understanding between Russia and Turkey and made press statements. Memorandum of Understanding reached Between Turkey and the Russian Federation 22 October 2019
Photo Credit: kremlin.ru
Photo Art/Cropping/Enhancement: Rosa Yamamoto FPMag

Memorandum of Understanding reached Between Turkey and the Russian Federation 22 October 2019

ISIS Tank in ar Raqqa, Syria 2015 – Dealing with Terrorists. Memorandum of Understanding reached Between Turkey and the Russian Federation 22 October 2019
Photo Credit: stringer/Reuters
Photo Art/Cropping/Enhancement: Rosa Yamamoto FPMag


The actual Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) Verbatim

President of the Republic of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan and President of The Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin agreed on the following points:

1. The two sides reiterate their commitment to the preservation of the political unity and territorial integrity of Syria and the protection of national security of Turkey.

2. They emphasize their determination to combat terrorism in all forms and manifestations and to disrupt separatist agendas in the Syrian territory.

3. In this framework, the established status quo in the current Operation Peace Spring area covering Tel Abyad and Ras Al Ayn with a depth of 32 km will be preserved.

4. Both sides reaffirm the importance of the Adana Agreement. The Russian Federation will facilitate the implementation of the Adana Agreement in the current circumstances.

5. Starting 12.00 noon of October 23, 2019, Russian military police and Syrian border guards will enter the Syrian side of the Turkish-Syrian border, outside the area of Operation Peace Spring, to facilitate the removal of YPG elements and their weapons to the depth of 30 km from the Turkish-Syrian border, which should be finalized in 150 hours. At that moment, joint Russian-Turkish patrols will start in the west and the east of the area of Operation Peace Spring with a depth of 10 km, except Qamishli city.

6. All YPG elements and their weapons will be removed from Manbij and Tal Rifat.

7. Both sides will take necessary measures to prevent infiltrations of terrorist elements.

8. Joint efforts will be launched to facilitate the return of refugees in a safe and voluntary manner.

9. A joint monitoring and verification mechanism will be established to oversee and coordinate the implementation of this memorandum.

10. The two sides will continue to work to find a lasting political solution to the Syrian conflict within Astana Mechanism and will support the activity of the Constitutional Committee.


Syria needs nonviolent political compromise, not war.

Syria needs nonviolent political compromise, not war. Photo Art/Cropping/Enhancement: Rosa Yamamoto FPMag

Erdogan and Trump to meet 13 November 2019.

Erdogan and Trump to meet 13 November 2019. Photo Credit: Office of the President of the Republic of Turkey. Photo Art/Cropping/Enhancement: Rosa Yamamoto FPMag